July 2, 2022

Within the wake of a devastating sequence of stories through Scott Reid of the Orange County Sign up concerning the poisonous, bullying tradition of the College of California-Berkeley girls’s swimming program underneath Teri McKeever — onetime head of the U.S. Olympic group workforce — probably the most a hit feminine trainer within the recreation’s historical past may well be via.

If even a fragment of the large allegations of McKeever’s (non-sexual) abuse of her athletes throughout many years are true — throwing apparatus at them, refusing to recognize and correctly deal with their accidents, or even using a number of of them to consider suicide (one swimmer says she was once mocked to her face when she without delay instructed McKeever of just about killing herself) — then she merits to be via.

I come right here, then again, to not make a judgment on Teri McKeever’s employment long term. That’s the process, a minimum of formally, of the San Francisco regulation company of Munger, Tollos & Olson, which was once not too long ago named to habits an “exterior investigation.” Precisely how a lot a public college will pay for a task like that, out of its state legislature allocations, ever-rising tuition charges, actual property holdings and hedge fund investments, is unknown. College spokesperson Dan Mogulof instructed Salon: “We can’t await the prices of an ongoing investigation. As well as, as a question of coverage, we don’t unlock general expenditures till a company’s paintings is done.”

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In a observation that many Cal swimmers and their households discovered irritating, athletic director Jim Knowlton mentioned the McKeever investigation may take six months.

In a way, this is to be anticipated: The playbook of meant unbiased investigators in scenarios like that is to broadcast no playbook. I instructed Hailyn Chen, the attorney co-leading the Cal investigation, that one swimmer has described the construction of the probe as calculatedly passive, with out a transparent undertaking to succeed in out to accusers for in-depth interviews. (Such interviews, it is value noting, may transcend the trainer’s personal malfeasance to the habits of college directors who, over time, have been knowledgeable of lurid main points of alleged misconduct but did not anything.) Chen directed me to Mogulof, who mentioned he was once barred from answering the query “through regulation and coverage.”

Chen gave the impression unaware that through passing the greenback to the campus flack, she was once accidentally revealing that the “independence” of her company’s investigation was once one thing of a fiction.

There’s now a cottage business of such meant unbiased investigations of scandals in novice or school sports activities, which stays in large part unexamined. Those that habits them are incessantly figures of popularity up to manufacturing, one thing just like the Robert Muellers of the sports-entertainment advanced, whose number one serve as is to make their consumers glance excellent and themselves even higher.

Those that habits “unbiased” investigations of sports activities scandals are just like the Robert Muellers of the sports activities global: Their major serve as is to make their consumers glance excellent, and themselves even higher.


Probity, or on the very least a resounding simulation of it, is their emblem. The impact they search to offer is of being in advance, forthright, statesmanlike and tight-lipped — looking for simply the details, ma’am. Such investigations incessantly ship a few mandatory concrete findings, if best to stay the group thirsting for extra. In professional wrestling, the credo of the unhealthy guys is going, “Win if you’ll be able to, lose in case you should — however all the time cheat.” For the unbiased investigators, this may well be boiled down  to “Exonerate if you’ll be able to, indict in case you should — however all the time ensure that the test clears.”

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I have been following abuses of the non-adult and non-professional (however exceedingly grimy and increasingly more money-driven) sports activities gadget for greater than a decade. For probably the most section, those have concerned intercourse crimes in swimming, victimizing most commonly however no longer solely women, and egregiously avoidable deaths in soccer, reducing brief the lives of boys. The paintings is grim, incessantly soul-searing. Difficult the default nice-guy investigators and their delicate agendas is a subset of that paintings, however once in a while the takeaways can also be dosed with comedian reduction.

In 2013 my colleague Tim Joyce and I broke the tale of a 97-page police record of a mature crook investigation, in Maricopa County, Arizona, of College of Utah swimming trainer Greg Winslow, on allegations that he had serially molested an underage feminine swimmer whilst training america Swimming age-group membership at the campus of Arizona State College. Utah promptly pulled Winslow from the deck of the Pac-12 swimming championships and suspended him. Subsequent, the college employed Michael Glazier to take care of the unbiased investigation.

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The website online for Glazier’s Kansas Town regulation company describes him as a outstanding “collegiate sports activities lawyer.” What this implies is that, through the years, he has made it to the NCAA shortlist for managing such clean-up operations. As wizardly with equivocal phrases as Harvey Keitel is with disinfectants in “Pulp Fiction,” Glazier and his co-author issued a record concluding that Winslow had carried out many unhealthy issues each previous in his occupation and whilst at Utah, in large part because of his alcohol habit. (His abuse of the Arizona woman, who adopted him to Utah sooner than returning house and making an attempt suicide, was once simply the primary merchandise on an inventory of sexual offenses and different misdeeds.) Utah’s athletic director on the time, Chris Hill, introduced that he’d had no concept about any of this.

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Of all of the wimpy unbiased investigations I’ve lined, my private favourite was once the 2013 evaluation of USA Swimming’s SafeSport program through the Nationwide Kid Coverage Coaching Middle of Gundersen Well being Gadget in Wisconsin. That was once an advanced, omnibus manufacturing with a countrywide political context — even if our society’s starvation for athletic divertissement, and its very important indifference to morality and kid protection, are actually bipartisan sentiments.

USA Swimming lined up for D.C.-area trainer Rick Curl for many years sooner than he after all went to jail. The group’s “motion plan” handled the entire thing as a PR headache.


In 2012, USA Swimming’s decades-long cover-up of Washington, D.C.-area trainer Rick Curl started unraveling, with portents each ominous and international. Curl had time and again abused an underage feminine swimmer, who went directly to the College of Texas sooner than her private existence cratered. Within the intervening sub-criminal manipulations, Curl have been pressured out of his training task on the College of Maryland and long gone into gainfully hired exile as a trainer in Australia. However through 2012 he was once again on pool decks within the U.S. when the survivor noticed him in televised protection of the Olympic trials and was once enraged.

After a Washington Put up reporter instructed the tale, Curl was once arrested, copped a plea and went to jail. The Put up editorialized that swimming’s well-documented historical past and ongoing file of abuse required a congressional investigation. Rep. George Miller, a California Democrat, stepped up.

On July 2, 2013, the past due and disgraced USA Swimming leader government, Chuck Wielgus, together with president Bruce Stratton, dispensed an extended technique memo to the board of administrators, with the topic line “Up to date SafeSport Motion Plan.” The plan whittled the sexual abuse drawback all the way down to a PR headache. Listed here are some pertinent excerpts:

  • We acknowledge that one of the problems we are facing as of late are an expanding unlucky truth of existence for all youth-serving organizations and that our evolving position and tasks associated with irrelevant habits through our participants is completely with us.” [Emphasis added.]
  • Whilst we imagine that our Protected Recreation program is a type for different sports activities and we’re pleased with the growth now we have made, we recognize that there’s all the time room for development. Due to this fact, we can interact a credible and unbiased entity to adopt an intensive evaluation of our complete Protected Recreation Program and supply a report to us that may review our program in opposition to the most productive practices of different organizations, in addition to make suggestions for the way USA Swimming’s program could be progressed. This evaluation will assist USA Swimming achieve higher public agree with with our club, the media, and most people. It is a giant challenge …
  • There’s a monetary affect to this plan. By way of a long way, the most costly piece would be the unbiased evaluation, but we’re assured that it’s going to be value the associated fee so as so as to give a boost to our program and assist sufferers of abuse. There may also be prices for media coaching and different PR and communications sides of the full plan. In general, we estimate the bills may run between $100K and $200K. It is nonetheless early within the quad and we are hoping so as to in finding the finances to hide the important bills from the Govt and Industry Construction budgets.

In January 2014, Wielgus and Stratton launched the record through Nationwide Kid Coverage Coaching Middle “skilled” Victor Vieth, with out even sharing it first with america Swimming board. There isn’t sufficient room on this article to catalog that report’s intensive betrayal of abuse survivors and the full reason. (This is one: In spite of being beseeched through one sufferer’s mom, Vieth refused to speak to her, and 5 days after the record’s e-newsletter, USA Swimming disregarded that circle of relatives’s criticism in opposition to the abusive trainer.)

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My government abstract paraphrase of the record, best reasonably facetious, is going like this: USA Swimming is doing a wonderful task. One individual we spoke with was once unsatisfied with the task it is doing. Unnecessary so as to add, there’s all the time room for development! And we are hoping swimming certainly continues to give a boost to!

As USA Swimming had was hoping, this record blunted the already glacially gradual growth of Rep. Miller’s investigation. Past due in 2014 — in a while sooner than pronouncing that he was once retiring — Miller despatched a paint-by-numbers letter to FBI Director James Comey (later to transform well-known for different causes). As any individual who was once in consistent, from time to time near-daily touch with Miller’s workforce participants for greater than a 12 months, I will attest that the letter contained possibly one p.c of the tips and well-documented allegations his place of job had gained.

For his section, Comey did not even trouble to reply to Miller himself, delegating that process to an assistant. The FBI thanked the congressman for the tips and instructed him to not concern his beautiful little head over abuse allegations in swimming: The bureau was once already all over the place it.

The FBI has a tendency to improve the bogeyman concept: Outdoor predators will someway succeed in pool decks, looking for to hurt youngsters. However nearly each and every abuse case in swimming comes to a trainer.

The FBI’s courting with USA Swimming, the governing frame of Olympic and youngsters swimming festival within the U.S., has all the time been, shall we embrace, slightly skewed. USA Swimming instructional meetings selling its SafeSport program have incessantly incorporated FBI brokers on panels. Those appearances improve the bogeyman concept, this is, the idea that outdoor predators might someway pierce the sides of The usa’s pool decks, looking for to do hurt to youngsters. In reality, nearly each and every unmarried case of abuse of swimmers comes to no longer a stranger however a well-recognized individual: typically the swimmer’s trainer.

A bunch of American gymnasts, together with Simone Biles, Aly Raisman and others much less widely known, at the moment are suing the FBI for doing not anything  for years with the voluminous proceedings about Larry Nassar, USA Gymnastics’ notorious former physician, now in jail after pleading to blame to ten counts of sexual attack, amongst different fees. (Nassar allegedly abused as many as 265 younger girls and women over an 18-year duration.) Gymnastics richly merits to be in those headlines. However the FBI’s fumbling of trainer abuse allegations, at a naked minimal, is in a similar way outrageous in swimming.

When Miller retired from Congress, he introduced that he would move the baton to every other California consultant, Jackie Speier, because the Area Democrats’ new unofficial watchdog for abuse problems in youngsters sports activities

In 2016, a visiting Irish legislator, Maureen O’Sullivan, met with Speier in Washington to talk about the two-continent marketing campaign for justice and duty for George Gibney, a former Irish Olympic swimming head trainer and criminal U.S. resident who had transform probably the most infamous at-large intercourse crook within the historical past of world sports activities. Speier issued a observation promising to proceed to “observe” the Gibney case “and search for techniques to constructively interact on this ongoing criminal procedure.”

In 2019, once I met with O’Sullivan and others in Eire, I despatched Speier a long letter updating the tips from my Freedom of Knowledge Act litigation looking for subject material from Gibney’s immigration recordsdata, plus attainable steps for Irish and U.S. activists eager about the problem. Speier didn’t reply, as an alternative forwarding my letter to Rep. Barbara Lee (additionally a California Democrat) with the rationale that I lived in Lee’s district and was once, she surmised, looking for constituent services and products.

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Speier, who herself will retire from Congress this 12 months, didn’t reply to Salon’s questions on whether or not she would appoint a successor because the Area Democrats’ youngsters sports activities abuse level individual.

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I haven’t any particular wisdom of the Teri McKeever state of affairs – that was once Scott Reid’s tale, and one I hadn’t even observed coming. I’ve, then again, prior to now butted heads with the College of California over its “unbiased investigation” of the soccer group’s energy and conditioning program following the 2014 dying of Ted Agu, a walk-on student-athlete. Agu, who was once Black and was once identified to hold the sickle mobile trait, died after an exertional assault, a well-understood possibility of his situation. That took place throughout an extremely grueling offseason drill directed through Damon Harrington, the energy and conditioning assistant underneath then-head trainer Sonny Dykes.

I sued the college underneath the California Public Information Act, resulting in the discharge of a batch of interior college paperwork exposing the cover-up of the cases and PR control of Agu’s dying, which I’d describe as unprosecuted manslaughter. Since I used to be the existing celebration, the pass judgement on dominated that my lawyer, Roy Gordet, was once entitled to repayment of his charges for 5 years of labor. The events negotiated a determine of $125,000 — a minimum of till  Cal appealed the decrease courtroom judgment to the state Courtroom of Attraction. The Journalists Committee for Freedom of the Press has weighed in with a “pal of the courtroom” submission on my behalf. Oral arguments lie forward.

The “unbiased evaluation” after Ted Agu’s dying didn’t interview the Cal soccer whistleblower, best avid gamers supposedly selected at random. It discovered no issues of the conditioning program.


After Agu died, every other Cal soccer participant acted as a whistleblower, taking his considerations about Harrington’s deadly training strategies, language and tradition first to a deputy athletic director, then a senior vice chancellor and in the long run to the campus police. But the following “unbiased evaluation” didn’t interview that younger guy, and won’t have interviewed any of the opposite avid gamers who have been ready to air their criticisms of a soccer program by which a teammate had died. The ones selected to be interviewed have been mentioned to were plucked from a random computer-generated lottery.

College emails would disclose that the co-author of the evaluation, an athletic division crony from UC Davis, Dr. Jeffrey Tanji, spent precisely someday in Berkeley interviewing soccer avid gamers. Whilst there, he stayed on the ancient Claremont Lodge, not too long ago renovated as a luxurious lodge, the place his spouse joined him. 

Tanji’s record discovered no issues of the soccer conditioning program at Cal. Nevertheless it struck such a lot of observes as unprofessional and rife with blatant conflicts of hobby that then-UC Berkeley chancellor Nicholas Dirks, close to the top of his brief and tempestuous tenure, was once in the long run pressured to fee a 2nd “unbiased evaluation” of this system, through two sports activities drugs mavens.

However sooner than that evaluation may get began, and whilst Agu’s folks have been in the course of settling their multimillion-dollar civil lawsuit in opposition to the college and sitting down for an interview with ESPN’s “Outdoor the Strains,” Dirks modified the foundations of the sport. The second one evaluation was once directed to show the web page and glance ahead, with out bearing in mind no matter errors might or won’t were made prior to now. It took years for that report back to be finished and revealed — and I can confirm that it gives an outstanding type for wholesome, science-based soccer conditioning methods and very best practices.

However through then, so far as the general public was once involved, the younger guy whose dying had sparked the unique controversy was once successfully forgotten. Misled through the college, which additionally withheld key paperwork, the native coroner had dominated that Agu’s dying was once from a generic cardiac episode. Best later did the coroner admit that he was once fallacious, and that this have been a vintage “sickling” assault that happened in levels and may nearly indubitably were curtailed with well timed intervention.

In different phrases, Ted Agu’s existence may have been stored. However in case you Google him at this time, you’ll be informed that he died of “hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.” For the College of California, that is the best factor that counts.

Learn extra from Irvin Muchnick on abuse scandals in sports activities: