StavKirker: Discover the Medieval Wood Church buildings of Norway
In Norway, the Medieval Church buildings, referred to as “StavKirker” (in Norwegian, “Stav” refers to a kind of wood column, and “Kirker” means church), stand out as iconic constructions. They emerged within the eleventh century following the nation’s conversion to Christianity, reflecting Norwegian experience in ship carpentry inherited from the Vikings. This experience remodeled wood development, innovating woodcraft strategies and turning these buildings into aesthetically important compositions.
The development system of those church buildings was primarily based on wood columns supported by stone foundations, an modern approach for the time, contemplating that European wood constructions had been nonetheless instantly constructed on the bottom in the course of the tenth century. To make sure stability, these columns had been braced by beams made from wooden at their base and high, forming a inflexible framework in porticos. Noteworthy options embody easy partition interiors and exterior cladding with strong wood boards. Lastly, the roofs are steeply inclined and constructed with moisture-resistant wooden to face up to snow.
Through the peak of the Center Ages, roughly two thousand wood church buildings had been constructed. Nevertheless, their numbers considerably declined following the Lutheran Reformation within the nineteenth century, resulting in the demolition of many. Presently, round thirty Stave Church buildings endure in Norway, with some wood elements preserved for over a millennium.
Whereas different northern European international locations have constructed related wood church buildings, Norway stands out within the preservation and research of those medieval constructions. They’re thought to be consultant examples of the development know-how of that period, containing symbols of nationwide architectural and cultural heritage. These church buildings symbolize Norway’s main contribution to European architectural heritage.
Supply: Construções Icónicas em Madeira – As “StavKirker” (Igrejas de colunas) norueguesas