Public Rest room in Shenzhen Bay Haifeng Sports activities Sq. / CCDI GROUP 21 Design Studio
Challenge Overview – The round metropolis remark platform dealing with the ocean is positioned within the coastal heart of Nanshan District, Shenzhen. It’s adjoining to the coastal exercise garden within the south, the general public parking zone within the north, the clever health space for residents within the east, and the panorama tree array and onerous floor sq. within the west. It’s set off within the coastal panorama belt of Shenzhen Bay Park about 13 kilometers lengthy, with handy transportation and a great coastal panorama. As a public constructing demolished and rebuilt on the unique web site, its primary capabilities embody public bathrooms and bathe rooms which might be open to vacationers within the park all day lengthy. It’s an enchancment of public welfare design for the general public bathrooms in Haifeng Sports activities Sq. of Shenzhen Bay Park and has served the encompassing residents and guests since Might 1, 2023.
Evaluation of the unique state – ① The unique public bathroom constructing had a thick and heavy picture, which was not suitable with the coastal panorama. ②Unreasonable purposeful streamline: Female and male bathrooms shared the identical channel for entry and exit, making it inconvenient to make use of in parks with excessive pedestrian circulation.③The inner walkway of the bathroom was slender, the services had been rudimentary, and the hygiene services had been inadequate. Amongst them, there have been 8 male restroom slots and 6 urinal slots; 13 feminine bathroom slots; There was no third rest room or mom and-baby room. In line with employees stories, there was a excessive circulation of individuals within the park, and the phenomenon of lengthy queues in ladies’s bathrooms usually occured.④Lack of humanistic care: Though the unique constructing had partially elevated areas, it didn’t present any services and house for vacationers, cleansing employees, or park employees to relaxation.
Design targets – In response to the issues current within the unique public bathrooms, we suggest a number of necessities for the brand new design: ① Combining the traits of the positioning and integrating the constructing into the surroundings. ② Based mostly on the wants of vacationers, enhance bathroom areas and supply extra providers similar to showers, third bogs, and mom and child rooms. ③ Change the normal impression of public bathrooms and supply residents with a people-oriented resting place.
The Ring of Vitality – The challenge responds to the openness of the positioning with a round ring, making it handy for folks getting into from all instructions to make use of the constructing and selling a way of closeness between the constructing and the surroundings. Surrounding the round house, a males’s restroom is organized on the east aspect and a ladies’s restroom is organized on the west aspect, with the variety of ladies’s restroom slots elevated to 22; On the east aspect of the panorama axis the bathe perform group, whereas on the west aspect of the panorama axis is the mom and child room, third rest room, sanitation employee lounge, and gear room perform group. The round hall connects numerous capabilities to kind a easy and efficient format. Along with assembly primary bathroom capabilities, it additionally creates a grey house for vacationers to relaxation and wait, whereas integrating the constructing roof as a inexperienced house with the surroundings. On this foundation, by means of adjustments in roof slope, vacationers can climb up the steps, take heed to the wind, and examine the ocean.
Eave corridors and courtyards – The profound horizontal eaves kind a 2.4-meter-wide round hall on the outer aspect of the round ring, and the clean areas between numerous purposeful teams kind a framed panorama, making a coherent and clear grey house collectively. Throughout peak bathroom hours, folks can queue across the round hall to keep away from publicity to daylight and rain. On the similar time, the chairs rising from the wall underneath the eaves hall facilitate folks’s relaxation and ready. Of their leisure time, they will sit and benefit from the surrounding surroundings whereas blowing the ocean breeze. The round courtyard surrounded by the middle has a diameter of about 18 meters and opens to a inexperienced garden, forming an enormous framed view of the sky, the place blue sky, white clouds, inexperienced timber, and birds may be seen. The round courtyard can also be appropriate for youngsters to run and play, and the 1.2-meter-wide round hall on the internal aspect permits dad and mom to be careful underneath the hall, offering an open and easy-to-take care of exercise house for youngsters and oldsters.
Round metropolis remark platform in Shenzhen Bay – The picket steps that climb up the steps must be made as mild as potential, which is useful for residents to stroll comfortably. Reeds are planted on either side of the steps and remark platform, maintaining folks in a inexperienced ambiance through the viewing. On the similar time, inexperienced roofs present a great “fifth facade” panorama for the town, successfully regulating the general microclimate of the plot. The round metropolis remark deck dealing with the ocean has turn into a superb metropolis remark spot for residents to “view the ocean from Jieshi to the east”, and is a spot for group images and check-in; It additionally supplies a pure city stand for the grassland sports activities area on the seaside, offering a great place to begin for the annual Spring Competition welcome run, with out the necessity to construct a brief place to begin; It supplies a great public place for city public actions similar to music festivals.
Facade Supplies – The design hopes that the constructing will disappear within the surroundings, reasonably than turn into the protagonist on the positioning. When it comes to facade tone, pure and easy plain concrete is undoubtedly a good selection, permitting the constructing to mix in with the surroundings with a humble angle. Nonetheless, through the deepening technique of the plan, contemplating the development issue and value management of the challenge, dry-hanging plain concrete slabs had been used to exchange it, which can also be handy for later upkeep and maintenance. Within the males’s and girls’s restrooms, the hand washing space and excessive home windows are embellished with picket louvers to make sure pure air flow and to a sure extent block the view. On the similar time, the picket shade may also add a contact of familiarity to the grey plain concrete.
Analysis and Reflection – Reworking passive conventional public bathrooms into lively city public areas, offering residents with a people-oriented resting place, the brand new constructing has achieved the preliminary design idea. After the constructing was formally put into use and mixed with the on-site utilization scenario, we discovered a number of points that have to be mirrored on and improved: ① seats may be appropriately added to the eaves gallery and roof platform of the internal courtyard to facilitate residents’ relaxation and remark; ② Initially of the design, the remedy of the roof was extra in accordance with the wants of the physique, with out organising ramps. It was discovered that some dad and mom had been pushing strollers to the roof remark platform, and within the later stage, ramps must be added on the steps to facilitate dad and mom or disabled folks with infants to achieve the highest; ③ With a purpose to create a way of floating, the peak of the protruding seat is 600, which isn’t handy for youngsters to make use of by way of scale; ④ Roof greening didn’t undertake drip irrigation based on the design, which is inconvenient for later upkeep; ⑤ The interior and exterior drainage ditches on the roof usually are not protected on the bottom, making it simple for youngsters to play on them, posing a security hazard.
Conclusion – Watching the ocean with the wind, spring flowers bloom. The round city remark deck integrates into the park surroundings, altering the normal impression of public bathrooms, offering residents with a humanized resting place, and likewise offering residents with a superb sea view resort. On the similar time, it supplies a pure city stand for the sports activities floor and garden on the south aspect of Haifeng Sports activities Sq.. Thanks to everybody concerned on this public welfare challenge for his or her selfless assist and robust funding, no matter achieve or loss.