Powerhouse Arts / Herzog & de Meuron
Textual content description supplied by the architects. Powerhouse Arts is a not-for-profit manufacturing facility primarily based in Gowanus and Pink Hook, Brooklyn, New York, established to create a sturdy platform for artwork manufacturing and employment within the arts. Consisting of 170,000 sq. ft of workshop area for fabrication in wooden, metallic, ceramics, textile, and print, the redevelopment mission transforms an present, derelict construction on a contaminated web site right into a hub for artists, fabricators, and different staff and ensures that the commercial legacy of the positioning will lengthen into the subsequent century. Reimagining a 115-year-old energy plant as a contemporary manufacturing facility, the mission goals to keep up a producing presence in a traditionally industrial a part of Brooklyn. By preserving, restoring, and reconstructing important components of the unique energy station, the mission strengthens the constructing’s industrial character and its relationship to the quick city context.
The mission is located alongside the Gowanus Canal, a pure low level between the neighborhoods of Pink Hook and Carroll Gardens to the west and Park Slope to the east. In 1904, the Brooklyn Fast Transit Energy Station, designed by Thomas Edward Murray, was accomplished on the positioning to serve the increasing transit system of Brooklyn. Decommissioned within the Fifties, half of the unique construction – the Boiler Home – was demolished, leaving the Turbine Corridor to face by itself. Within the late twentieth century, the remaining construction turned a vacation spot for native graffiti artists, and it earned the nickname “The Batcave.”
Subsequently, the Gowanus Canal was designated a Superfund web site in 2010 by the US Environmental Safety Company, figuring out it as a candidate for remediation. Previous to the beginning of building, the positioning contamination was resolved by way of the completion of the New York State Brownfield Cleanup Program. In April 2016 – after an preliminary choice course of that included an idea design for the positioning – Herzog & de Meuron was appointed because the design marketing consultant for the mission.
A mixture of storage sheds, warehouses, and mixed-use, industrial buildings, the neighborhood is quickly gentrifying. The prevailing constructing is about again from the sting of the Gowanus Canal to the west and sure on the north by First Road, on the south by Second Road, and on the east by a big storage constructing alongside Third Avenue. The size of the Turbine Corridor and its location atop comparatively excessive floor give it a visible prominence within the neighborhood.
The commercial panorama and historical past of the positioning play a pivotal position within the design proposal. It reinterprets the historic Boiler Home by reinstating its mass and re-establishing its relationship with the prevailing Turbine Corridor. The Turbine Corridor is preserved – stabilized and strategically repaired – and its historic layers are built-in into the brand new manufacturing facility.
The reinstated Boiler Home bears on the prevailing, historic foundations, minimizing additional web site excavations. Its concrete façade responds to the prevailing masonry shell of the Turbine Corridor and offers a sturdy and simple envelope for the addition. The uncovered construction on the inside, comprising concrete columns and slabs, offers versatile areas for workshop use. The historic, punched openings of the Turbine Corridor are integrated into the Boiler Home envelope, and the openings of each buildings are stuffed with new home windows.
Atypically for an industrial mission, the respective fabrication outlets are stacked vertically with the disciplines requiring essentially the most clear top and finest entry to the loading areas – that’s, the metallic and wooden workshops – situated on the bottom ground, whereas the disciplines with essentially the most stringent exhaust necessities – print, textile, and ceramics – are situated on the high flooring of the Boiler Home. Adhering to the perfect practices of commercial hygiene (refined by way of session with a number of specialists), a considerable amount of air is exhausted from the constructing to make sure contaminates from the manufacturing processes don’t adversely have an effect on the inside work surroundings.
To that finish, the workshops share a standard, giant vertical service wall containing the vertical circulation components, stairs and elevators, and the restroom plumbing stack. The consolidation of those vertical components between the prevailing and the brand new constructing offers further lateral, structural stability for each buildings and creates the flexibleness required for workshop programming inside the the rest of the Boiler Home ground slab. Two giant bulkhead volumes on the roof categorical the primacy of the mechanical, electrical, plumbing, and fireplace safety techniques within the mission and recall the historic smokestacks of the unique Boiler Home constructing. In addition they illustrate the resiliency of the power, as no gear has been put in on the base of the constructing given the potential for flooding and sea degree rise sooner or later.
To the west of the mission alongside the Gowanus Canal, a forecourt offers versatile outside work and space for storing in addition to loading for materials deliveries. To the east of the mission, nearer to the strategy to the positioning from public transit, a brand new opening into the masonry envelope of the Turbine Corridor serves as the first public entrance. Upon coming into the constructing, the customer is confronted with the juxtaposition of historic particulars – concrete vaults, brick chases, and glazed tilework – residual graffiti and the brand new architectural components.
A big, concrete shear wall types a vertical area past the doorway foyer and a metallic stair attracts consideration upward to the grand corridor, the principle public function inside the constructing. The complete higher degree of the Turbine Corridor constructing preserves the unique spatial composition of the historic construction, exposing the refurbished, metal trusses overhead, and offering a multifunctional area for exhibitions and occasions. An adjoining, double-height quantity within the Boiler Home serves because the intersection of the general public and workshop capabilities within the constructing, offering further room for exhibitions, occasions, staging, and meeting.