Maison de la Chine Dorms / Atelier FCJZ + CAAU
A everlasting exposition of structure – This venture is situated within the Cité Internationale Universitaire de Paris (CIUP) within the 14th Arrondissement of Paris. The college metropolis was established to supply housing primarily to worldwide college students in Paris in 1925 and has now greater than 40 dormitory buildings named after totally different international locations. It’s well-known for its outstanding assortment of structure, such because the ‘Collège Néerlandais’ (The Netherlands Faculty,1926) designed by Willem M. Dudok, the ‘Pavilion Suisse’ (The Pavilion of Switzerland, 1930) by Le Corbusier, the ‘Maison du Brésil’ (Dwelling of Brazil,1954) by Lucio Costa and Le Corbusier, and the ‘Pavilion de L’Iran’ (Pavilion of Iran,1969) by Claude Mum or dad.
An extended-awaited Home of China – In 1930, Chinese language structure scholar Yu Ping-Lih in France proposed a Maison Chinoise, or Zhongguo Xueshe in Chinese language, as his diploma venture because the CIUP had allotted loads to China with out cost. Within the yr earlier than, the Affiliation for the Realization of Maison Chinoise within the Cité Universitaire de Paris was organized by Chinese language college students from numerous universities in Paris and revealed a manifesto pleading with the Chinese language authorities then to fund such an essential venture however with out success. Yu’s drawings at the moment are stored within the archive of Southeast College in Nanjing. Lastly, in 2017, a design competitors was held to supply a proposal for the Home of China with the official identify of Fondation de Chine. The scheme of FCJZ x CAAU was chosen because the successful entry from a bunch of 5 Sino-French groups.
Residing with the panorama – Fondation de Chine, generally referred to as Zhongguo Xueshe or Maison de la Chine, occupies a slightly slender piece of land on the south fringe of the CIUP, with a sports activities discipline bordering its north and the Boulevard Peripherique (the Ring Highway) to its south.
The preliminary concept for this facility was to compose the 300 single-occupation-dormitories with a 500-person cultural exercise corridor right into a conceptual village after which, to raised match onto the location, simplified to a loop formation, after finding out the prolonged household housing kind in Southern China Tu Lou, which implies “earth constructing” in Chinese language since it’s sometimes constructed with rammed earth and has one other identify of Da Yuan Lou or “massive spherical constructing”, for its typical round configuration.
Le Corbusier’s design for the Pavilion Suisse was centered across the idea of wholesome residing, which we worth simply as a lot at this time. Subsequently, with Tu Lou as our principal inspiration, we organized the dormitory rooms within the form of an irregular, open ring round a central courtyard, with a view to permit scholar life to unfold in a delightful pure surroundings. The encircling space and the rooftop of the constructing are designed as gardens, whereas the staircase within the central courtyard additional hyperlinks a sequence of platforms collectively, making a vertical panorama within the coronary heart of the constructing. After approving our design proposal, the consumer named poetically the constructing He Yuan, which means the Backyard of Concord.
Materiality with cultural DNAs – To realize a definite genetic reference to Chinese language tradition within the structure via development not via type or picture as in Yu’s design in 1930, gray clay bricks are deployed as the principle materials on the outside façade; via numerous brick-laying strategies impressed by the standard bonds in historical China together with Die Se or cantilevering of bricks, we will obtain porosity, reduction within the wall, in addition to projected eaves in order that to display particulars and crafts as expressive architectural varieties.
Concurrently, the undulation on the constructing facade is a measure to precise the individuality of rooms thus their residents whereas addressing the problem of noise air pollution from the Peripherique. A wooden grating traces your entire inside façade across the courtyard; along with the clay bricks on the outer facade, such materials composition reiterates as soon as extra the traditional Chinese language definition of structure as Tu Mu or earth and wooden whereas remaining a neighborhood venture because the bricks on the constructing have been hand-made in Europe.