Inter-Generational Properties: Addressing Numerous Wants Below One Roof
Designing a house is at all times a major problem. Technical and development experience should align with the expectations of its future resident, gently embracing their day by day routine and duties. Thus, mapping out the wants and rituals that may unfold inside the home is prime for the success of the duty. Within the abundance of personalities, preferences, and quirks, residential structure must mediate intentions and embrace diversities.
This problem is much more advanced in the case of properties constructed to accommodate completely different generations beneath the identical roof. Generational variations affect how people perceive and work together with the world and the bodily expertise of area. In these circumstances, structure appears to hold twin meanings – it should embrace the individualities of every member whereas prioritizing harmonious coexistence amongst all.
Whereas multigenerational properties might not be as widespread in some international locations, in locations like India, Korea, or China, as an example, a shared roof with completely different members of the family is a cultural custom. As mentioned on this article on intergenerational properties in India, the joint household system offers safety and id in society, fostering deeper connections between generations. On this case, custom served as a assist system in occasions of disaster and facilitated social interplay amongst various teams of individuals. Nonetheless, these days, as an antidote to rising housing prices and the bills related to childcare and eldercare, multigenerational dwelling stays related for the fashionable Indian.
Nonetheless, this development will not be unique to India. Whether or not as a consequence of monetary issues or housing shortages, households are more and more adapting and coexisting with completely different generations beneath one roof. In line with WGSN, a market analysis specialist, the USA witnessed a shocking improve from 7% in 2011 to 26% in 2021 within the variety of multigenerational households. In the meantime, the UK anticipates that 17% of its properties might be multigenerational by 2040.
Within the architectural realm, we should, subsequently, be ready to handle the multigenerational problem, which entails not solely completely different typologies – vertical, in separate volumes, and many others. – as introduced on this article but additionally different facets associated to materiality, spatiality, and identification.
A multigenerational house ought to accommodate completely different existence and private traits, providing mechanisms for every resident to work together with and personalize the area in line with their preferences. On this regard, the Three Era Home is an fascinating instance. On this house, the 2 household items are bodily separated, with the youthful couple’s condominium and workplace situated on the bottom flooring, linked to the backyard for the youngsters. In the meantime, the grandparents occupy the higher stage, accessed by an elevator, with out stage variations. Regardless of the repetition of inside materials and spatial traits in each properties, the balconies on all ranges take middle stage as customizable areas that replicate the person traits of every couple.
Speaking about producing id and possession in numerous areas, it’s value mentioning Vikki’s Place, which presents a satisfying and typically playful decision within the alternative of “unfinished” uncooked supplies. These supplies enable inhabitants flexibility and alternatives to precise themselves.
Materiality is one other facet that have to be thought-about when designing a house for a number of generations. Contemplating the completely different views on area utilization, prioritizing sturdy and timeless supplies is essential. On this regard, pure supplies reminiscent of wooden and stone show to be a very good answer. Yarrbat Residence is an fascinating instance as a result of, along with pure supplies reflecting the dwelling environment, a impartial palette all through the home permits the framed views of the altering seasons to behave as artworks, evolving over time with the home and its inhabitants.
Following this method, within the Multi-Generational Home, the architects additionally selected to make use of timeless supplies reminiscent of uncovered wooden. On this case, a circumferential lattice made from pure spruce ensures a constant composition and the enduring aesthetic presence of the structure throughout a number of generations.
Final however not least are the areas for gathering and connection. In line with the WGSN, as a part of the beforehand talked about analysis, 4 out of 5 individuals interviewed acknowledged that the expertise of dwelling with completely different generations is constructive general. A major issue contributing to that is the moments of gathering and connection. Whereas structure should protect the privateness and individuality of every resident, it additionally must encourage shared moments.
Within the Stairway Home, the older couple was accommodated on the primary flooring, whereas the youthful couple and their youngster have been on the second and third flooring. Nonetheless, to stop the 2 households from being utterly segregated between the higher and decrease elements, a “stair-shaped” construction was designed within the south courtyard. It runs from the primary to the third stage and offers areas for gathering and socialization between them.
There was a want to create a robust visible connection between the completely different items to facilitate household bonding within the Stacked Home. On this design, a number of balconies, patios, and walkways join these communal areas, making a stepped format harking back to flooring plates that articulate the interior courtyard and promote interplay between household items.
The courtyard is a recurring function for creating environments and facilitates gatherings and exchanges in intergenerational properties. The By no means-Aside-ment, as an example, presents massive open courtyards with a twin nature that connects the degrees, which prevents the household from being socially remoted. The Home on 46 has an open courtyard on the primary flooring that extends the dwelling space, offering visible linkage between flooring whereas regulating the local weather all through the home, which ensures a relentless movement of recent air, particularly throughout scorching summers.
Enabling the customization of areas, selecting timeless and sturdy supplies, or fostering communal areas inside intergenerational properties are a few of the considerate methods that may be utilized to structure to mediate the varied expectations of residents and spotlight the shared moments inside the household.