Elementary College in Santa Cruz de Villacuri Neighborhood / Betsaida Curto Reyes + Atelier Ander Bados
Textual content description offered by the architects. Villacuri is the results of an invasion that started 25 years in the past, made up primarily of immigrants from the mountains and jungle. It’s, for essentially the most half, an space of non permanent housing with hardly any city planning. It’s situated within the Peruvian desert, midway between Ica and Paracas and subsequent to the Panamericana Sur freeway.
For the motive force, this city doesn’t exist, it’s a non-place. It appears that evidently there are only some casual companies, benefiting from the compulsory toll sales space. If the motive force went deeper, he would uncover a city a lot bigger than thought, however virtually abandoned through the day.
A spot with hundreds of inhabitants who work from dawn to sundown within the adjoining agro-export corporations. However at night time, Villacuri comes alive, the employees return to their makeshift properties, retailers, and eating places.
The issue with this inhabitants, inhabited by essentially the most susceptible, is the little consideration acquired by governments. The preliminary faculty was by no means rebuilt after the 2007 earthquake, so its greater than 300 college students have been educating for years in prefabricated school rooms, the place situations are tough for studying.
In 2019 the NGO All Palms and Hearts determined to rebuild this preliminary faculty for the reason that authorities didn’t prioritize its reconstruction. We discover ourselves in an surroundings whose id is fashioned by many alternative cultures. The city material is outlined as organized anarchy, created with completely different development strategies that rely on the geographical origin of the one that builds it: Mats, cane brava, concrete, brick, wooden… Such numerous identities have created a brand new attribute persona of this place.
The plot of the mission has adjusted dimensions, for that reason, we suggest a grid of areas with proportional dimensions that generate a recreation of solids and voids. The total ones accommodate the 7 school rooms and the service constructing (loos, kitchen, and areas for lecturers). The voids create areas that complement the educating exercise and are inserted between the buildings, giving aid to the plot. These areas are marked by key parts: shadows, benches, and olive timber. They’re, ultimately, school rooms with out partitions.
The constructive resolution comes from the group itself, which understands its surroundings as invaluable. The frequent denominator amongst all of the constructions is using supplies with out coating, for the financial system. So we adopted it as a mission idea. We promote supplies as they’re; uncovered brick uncovered concrete, mat, cane brava, and wooden. This represents important financial savings whereas persevering with so as to add worth to the constructing. The sincerity of the fabric in its pure state helps the group to really feel extra recognized with the college and dignified with the native development strategies.
One of many basic considerations is the necessity to fight the excessive temperatures of the desert that may attain 45°C. We re-interpret the normal Ica roofs fashioned by an air chamber between two roofs. Beneath the concrete slab, we use a steady plank of cane brava that generates a ventilated air chamber inside. Its extension generates parts of shadow on the skin. This, together with cross air flow, helps to scale back inside temperatures significantly.
The wild cane and the mat, native and conventional supplies, are unifying parts within the mission. We use it as closure, shadow, and compartmentalization. Within the mission, we worth and improve the hardness of the surroundings with textures and supplies. The college doesn’t cease being a cautious continuity of the context: mats, olive timber, wild cane, yuccas, land… that is the soul of Villacuri.